Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy – Why Does It Occur & What You Can Do About It

As you progress through your pregnancy, you may start to notice a lot of changes happening in your body because of the various hormones surging through your blood. One such change due to the hormonal changes is – bleeding gums.

So, what causes your gums to bleed during pregnancy?

  1. Hormones: During your pregnancy, the changes in your hormonal level (progesterone and estrogen) is one of the primary causes of gum diseases aka gingivitis. What happens is, there is a decreased inflammatory response by the gums to the microorganisms present in the plaque around the tooth, and this reduced inflammatory response leads to gum infection.
  2. Diet: Having sugary or sticky food, which remains on your teeth, may lead to plaque and tartar buildup. Try avoiding sugary and starchy food as much as possible. Also, see to it that you have a calcium-rich diet, they help maintain your teeth and jaw bone.
  3. Improper Oral Hygiene: Dental hygiene is a must. This includes proper brushing techniques (circular motions over horizontal or vertical) which help to stimulate and clean the gums. Brushing should be done for a minimum of 2-5 minutes. If possible using a  dentist recommended mouthwash and dental floss can help in reduction of food debris accumulation. Rinsing of your mouth by swishing water after having meals can also be adopted. It is highly recommended that you visit your dentist either before planning your pregnancy or once you have confirmed your pregnancy, to get all your fillings and tooth cleaning done.

How can you take care of your gums during pregnancy?

  1. Take care of your oral hygiene.
  2. Drink adequate water, this helps in keeping your oral cavity moist.
  3. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating more of fiber-rich food over sticky and starchy food helps in reducing plaque and cavity formation.
  4. Visit your dentist and get your treatments and checkup done as per the appointment.


Dr. Aishwarya Rajeev has completed her MDS degree and is currently pursuing her PhD. She is an avid reader and loves to teach and write!

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