Round ligament supports the uterus and connects the front portion of the womb with the groin. These ligaments help in the contraction and relaxation of muscles. Pain in round ligaments is usually felt in the second trimester and is felt as a sharp or ‘jabbing’ pain in the abdominal region. It may be experienced as a sharp pain in the hip or groin, on one side or both. Round ligament pain is normal during pregnancy.
Under normal conditions, these ligaments contract and relax slowly. With the growth of the baby, these ligaments stretch and have increased chances of becoming strained. Sudden movements, sneezing, coughing, laughing, standing up quickly, rolling over in bed, may all cause sudden contractions of these ligaments, resulting in pain.
Changing positions slowly enables gradual movement of these muscles, alleviating pain. Rest is another method to reduce pain due to sudden movements. If you are about to sneeze or cough, slowly bend or flex your hips. This will help to reduce the strain on the ligaments. Stretching exercises and yoga are also helpful in relieving this pain, particularly if it is consistent. Exercises also help to keep the muscles strong. Do talk to your doctor to know which exercises are safe for you. Applying a heating pad or opting for a warm bath may also be helpful in relieving the pain.
When should you inform the doctor?
Remember to inform your doctor about the pain if
- the pain persists even after resting
- there is severe pain
- pain lasts for more than few minutes
- it is accompanied by other symptoms like
- vaginal discharge