If you have been diagnosed with uterine fibroids before your pregnancy or if it was diagnosed during your pregnancy on an ultrasound, it is the same.
What are uterine fibroids?
A fibroid tumor also is known as myoma or leiomyoma and are tumorous growths of muscle cells of your uterus. They are generally pea-sized and grow within the uterine wall. They are rarely cancerous and occurs commonly in pregnant women who are between the age range of 30 to 40’s.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of uterine fibroids are
- Heavy vaginal bleeding ( can lead to an iron deficiency or anemia)
- Abdominal pain (more commonly in the lower abdomen)
- Pelvic pressure
- Frequent and uncomfortable urination
- Constipation and painful bowel movement
Can uterine fibroids cause complications?
Mostly fibroids detected during pregnancy are present before and most often won’t affect the baby, despite having few of the above-mentioned symptoms. It is important to know that substantial pain or increased bleeding may indicate a concern. It is best to discuss all the possibilities and issues that may occur with your doctor well in advance so your pregnancy runs as smoothly as possible, fibroids and all included.
Few complications that may arise are:
- Increased risk of miscarriage
- Premature delivery
- Stalling of your labor
- Hinderance during baby’s birth (if present near the cervical opening)
- Increased chance of C-section
Can these fibroids be prevented or treated?
Unfortunately not during your pregnancy. Normally based on the age, pain, bleeding and other symptoms various treatments can be offered to a non-pregnant woman. But during your pregnancy, the only thing that you can do is bed rest, an ice-pack and mild medication (only if indicated and approved by your doctor).
If you have fibroids during your pregnancy, rest assured. You are not the first woman encountering this. It’s more common than you know, especially given our fast-paced lifestyle. It is important to keep in mind that during pregnancy, increasing hormones may cause an increase in your fibroids (sometimes may cause them to decrease even). So, constantly monitoring your symptoms and following your doctor’s suggestions are vital.