Along with morning sickness and fatigue, frequent urination is one of the earliest symptoms of pregnancy. It is more common during the first and third trimesters. The frequent urge to urinate may even affect your sleep in the night, particularly during the third trimester. This problem is common during pregnancy and resolves within few weeks after delivery. Some women may have the urge to urinate, or have urinary leakage with a cough, exercise, laugh or sneeze.
As with any other symptom, this too is a part of the hormonal changes during pregnancy. Moreover, the increase in the body fluid levels causes kidneys to remove extra fluids, leading to increased urination. There is a temporary relief during the second trimester. The uterus continues to expand but rises higher in abdomen reducing the pressure on the bladder. This brings down the frequency of urination in the second trimester. The growth of the fetus in the third trimester puts extra pressure on the bladder, leading to the increased urgency for urination.
Pain or burning sensation while urinating should be reported to the doctor. Both of these may be a symptom of urinary tract infection (UTI) that is common during pregnancy. Untreated UTI can increase the chance of premature labor, and hence it is important to report it on time.
The tendency to urinate frequently may resolve with delivery without any specific treatment. This symptom usually subsides within six weeks after delivery.
Here are some tips that will be of help:
- Kegel exercises help in strengthening the floor of pelvis and provide better bladder control
- Lean forward while urinating to get a better control of bladder
- Reduce beverages containing caffeine, as they act as diuretics
You may also try reducing the total fluid intake, but ensure you get 8-12 glasses of water in a day. This is important for maintaining the health of both mother and baby.