The second trimester includes 13th to 27th week of pregnancy. The baby grows bigger and most expectant moms will show a larger belly by this time. This trimester is considered to be the easiest of the three stages of pregnancy. You may feel better than in the first trimester and this seems to be the right time to prepare yourself and your home for the arrival of the little one.
Bodily changes in the second trimester
Many of the symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and frequent urination that troubled you in the first trimester may reduce or improve in this trimester. You may notice
- Backaches – the weight gain during the last trimester puts pressure on your back, leading to backaches
- Bleeding gums – hormonal changes may make your gum more sensitive, leading to bleeding and swelling of gums
- Nasal congestion – swelling in the nasal membranes leads to congestion and sometimes, snoring in the night.
- Headaches – headaches are common during this trimester
- Skin changes – increase in pigment melanin and the expansion of skin leads to stretch marks, darkening of skin around the nipples, and patches of dark skin
- Spider/Varicose veins – tiny red veins develop in the skin due to extra blood flow while the pressure of the growing baby in the lower part reduces the blood flow leading to varicose veins.
- Dizziness/Lightheadedness – these symptoms are common due to lowering of blood pressure
Fetal growth in the second trimester
Baby continues to grow in this trimester and organs become fully developed. By the end of this trimester, the baby will be around a kilogram in weight. Baby will be able to hear and small hair starts forming on the skin. You may be able to feel the first movements of the baby in this trimester. You will be able to notice a more definite sleep and wake pattern of your baby during these months.
Doctor’s appointment in this trimester
You will have to visit your gynecologist once every month during this trimester. During each visit, you will have to make a note of your vitals including BP, weight, and blood sugar levels. The doctor will recommend for an ultrasound to note the growth of the baby. If you are at risk of genetic disorders, the doctor may also suggest a genetic screening like amniocentesis.