Infections During Pregnancy – An Overview

Pregnancy changes you, both internally and externally! You may also be prone to infections during this time due to the changes caused by:

Common infections during pregnancy

So, what are the common infections that you may be affected by? Well, an expectant mother may be prone to:

  1. Bacterial infections Urinary tract infections (UTI’s), bacterial vaginosis, group B streptococci infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s)
  2. Fungal infections – Candida/yeast infection
  3. Viral infections –  HIV, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Hepatitis-B virus (HBV), Rubella etc
  4. Parasitic infections – Chlamydia trachomatis

What to do?

There are so many things that could happen during the course of your pregnancy. Hence, it is wise to reduce the risk of contracting an infection during these crucial 9 months. Adopting certain practices and following certain suggestions can go a long way in preventing infections during pregnancy. They are:

  1. Regular washing of hands: More so after using the bathroom/restroom, carrying a child, playing with a pet, touching dirty or soiled items and so on.
  2. Stay hydrated: 2-3 liters per day to prevent UTI’s.
  3. Avoid animal droppings: Pets at home or outside, particularly sick and unhealthy ones.
  4. Get vaccinated: to prevent any infections (mainly viral)
  5. Routine tests:  blood tests or special investigations to rule out any infections
  6. Stay healthy: Nourish your body and exercise.
  7. Eat right: Avoid eating out and raw meat. Always have fresh food and vegetables. Wash before you consume your fruits and veggies. See that there is no residual pesticides or chemicals.
  8. Safe sex: Practice safe sex. Using a condom reduces the chances of STD’s
  9. Dress right: Warm clothes during winter and breathable and loose clothes during summers. Dress as per the season.
  10. Be careful: Small things like not leaving your hair wet for a long duration, avoiding overexertion, resting regularly, taking your vitamins and supplements play a role in maintaining your health.
  11. Surroundings: Keep it clean. Try to avoid being in the sun for too long and avoid polluted and overpopulated places.

These are few common suggestions that you will get during your pregnancy. It is always better to be careful and see to it that your health is optimum at all times. Please speak to your doctor regularly and gather as much information as possible about the various tests that you may have to run during the course of your pregnancy. And always remember to stay healthy and positive!

 

 

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Aishwarya

Dr. Aishwarya Rajeev has completed her MDS degree and is currently pursuing her PhD. She is an avid reader and loves to teach and write!

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