Cold and Cough during Pregnancy

Immune system changes during pregnancy may make you more susceptible to cold and cough. And it is normal to feel that you are getting more of these when you are pregnant than before. Moreover, the symptoms of common cold and cough last longer than usual as the immune system is working at a low key. But fear not – baby is protected from common cold as it will not pass through the placenta. It is important to avoid contracting cold and cough and if you ever get one, treat it safely.

Symptoms

You may have:

  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy nose
  • Headache
  • Mild fever
  • Cough

Prevention

It is difficult to protect yourself from all possible cold-causing viruses and germs. Boosting your immune system is the best way to prevent common cold and cough. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a well-balanced diet, adequate rest, and regular exercise will help you to avoid getting cold and cough. And, remember to have your prenatal vitamins as recommended. Needless to say, if you are around someone who is having a cold or a cough, do wash your hands more often than before and avoid touching their hands.

Treatment

The best ways to treat cold and cough safely are:

  • Having adequate rest
  • Taking healthy food
  • Keeping well-hydrated

You may also try some natural remedies

  • Stuffy nose – add two to three drops of eucalyptus oil to boiling water or steamer and inhale the steam to clear a stuffy
  • Sore throat – take one teaspoon of honey mixed with lemon in hot water. Tulsi and ginger tea are also known to give some relief from this symptom.

Avoid taking any over-the-counter medications for cold or cough without talking to your doctor. Many medications which are normally used for treating a common cold may not be safe during pregnancy.

When to see your doctor

You should see your doctor if you have a persistent cold or a cough that does not resolve within few days. It is important to report to your doctor if the cold or cough is accompanied by high fever. It may be an indicator of secondary infection and may need treatment. Others symptoms that need attention are difficulty in breathing and dizziness. If the cough is persistent for more than three weeks and is accompanied by mild fever, it needs attention as it may be a symptom of tuberculosis (TB). Changes in the color of mucus and presence of chest pain also should be immediately reported to the doctor.

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